Audit Trail Parts I & II Professional Development School Partnership- Lincoln Elementary


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Part I: Introduction


Literacy education, “Provides rich experiences with a range of genres representing many periods and cultures (Fountas & Pinnell, page 252).” Literacy education gives the students the opportunity for learning in specific ways like independent reading. As a teacher, when you, “Show excitement in general about books (Fountas & Pinnell, page 118),” the students will want to participate in independent reading frequently building their background knowledge because the more often a student reads, the better able they will be for comprehension of the text. Literacy education can flourish through the use of writer’s notebooks with the documentation of the students elaborating on their vocabulary, personal experiences, feelings, questions about the specific text, describe characters, and other ideas not limited to writing. “The writer’s notebook is that ball: a place to preserve ideas so they will be available for future conversations and writing (Fountas & Pinnell, page 424).”

Literacy education needs to be guided by some mini-lessons, individual conferences, and sharing among the students. The teacher’s role is, “Multifaceted and involves a balanced study, you establish and teach the routines you want them to use. Over time, they will need less teaching, but every time you introduce a new way of interacting or a new expectation for the kind of discussion students will take part in, you will need to show them explicitly what you want to do (Fountas & Pinnell, page 257).” Students need a model for guided reading, guided writing, investigations, and other areas of literacy education since students are unfamiliar with where the focus will be. Also, Fountas & Pinnell point out on page 332 that, “Students benefit as they become more aware of themselves as readers, and we can prompt them to take conscious action. The direction we give must fit with what is appropriate to do in this particular text and what is appropriate to enhance the experience of these particular readers at this point in their development.”

Social studies education promotes active citizenship in a democracy. Students should be involved in a society with projects like service learning that have reciprocal qualities for the students and the community to benefit from. Social studies involves eye witness artifacts from history like George Washington’s “Letters From Trenton” with his march to the bridge in Trenton or the French-Indian War with dining in a hollow cottonwood tree for students in “Rope Circles”. Students want to live these experiences and be a part of them through primary sources that convey real artifacts, journals, and ideas from the time period along with the setting. The concept of social studies education needs real, authentic primary sources conveying knowledge and true research that students can be informed about, use to understand what was going on during the time period, and gives the students context about their learning. It needs to tap into their minds and help them be active citizens along with engaging history.

Literacy and social studies can be intertwined through the use of reading texts addressing social studies themes like World War II, the Great Depression, the Civil War, economics, and other topics that students will work towards comprehension, vocabulary development, background knowledge, and to get a starting view of what history or artifacts are comprised in the text. Graphic novels are a way to bring out those social studies themes along with reading. The main focus for graphic novels is stunning visuals, but they bring comprehension right to the forefront with text bubbles and reading "into" the visuals. Students want something that captures their minds and makes them question what the theme or main ideas of the text are. I want history to come to life and have the students relieve it through primary sources like documentations with letters or journals from eye witness accounts. Being active citizens and making informed decisions along with being knowledgeable are key to social studies education.

Part II: Artifacts


Google Earth PDS Lincoln.pdf

Final Copy Invitations PDS Lincoln.pdf

Comprehension Connections LP PDS Lincoln.pdf

Economics Lesson PDS Lincoln.pdf

Service Learning PDS Lincoln.pdf

Women's Suffrage PDS Lincoln.pdf

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